In this blog, I’ll be reviewing the statistics specific to mortality associated with heart disease, the monetary cost of heart disease in the United States, risk factors for heart disease, as well as available “tool kits” for the management of heart disease.

Prevalence in the U.S.:  Approximately 659,000 people in the U.S. die from heart disease annually, accounting for 1 in every 4 deaths.  Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. (Department of Health and Human Services (2022).

Monetary Cost: Heart disease cost the U.S. approximately $363 billion annually from 2016 – 2017.  This included the cost of health care services, medications, and lost productivity due to death (Department of Health and Human Services (2022).

Risk Factors: High blood pressurehigh blood cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease.  There are other medical conditions and lifestyle choices that can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including, but not limited to:

Management by Standardization of Evidence Based Practice and Use of “Tool Kits”: It is recommended that providers make a commitment to following the most current clinical guidelines for the management of high blood pressure control to ensure that care is cost-effective, evidence based, and accessible and controlled amongst all populations. The use of the following “tool kits”, in conjunction with The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Control Hypertension is a recommended approach to implementing protocols, and using data to improve health outcomes.   

  1. Lifestyle changes   

Eat Smart, Move More!

Recipes for a Heart-Healthy Lifestyleexternal icon

2. Health equity

Alliance for the Million Hearts® Campaign Partner Toolkit

Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs for Medications

Grady Implementation Guide

3. Self-measured Blood Pressure Monitoring

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring

Self-Management Support and Education

4. Medication Adherence

Pharmacy: Collaborative Practice Agreements to Enable Collaborative Drug Therapy Management

Improving Medication Adherence Among Patients with Hypertension

Community Pharmacists and Medication Therapy Management

5. Standardizing and Improving Patient Care

Million Hearts® Hypertension Control Change Package, Second Edition

Implementing Clinical Decision Support Systems

Team-Based Care: Promoting Team-Based Care to Improve High Blood Pressure Control

6. Identifying Patients with Hypertension

Undiagnosed Hypertensionexternal icon

The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Control Hypertension focuses on Standardization of patient care, minimization of variation in care delivery, prompt medication initiation for the management of high blood pressure and high cholesterol, standardization of timely patient follow-up, and reinforcement of lifestyle counseling and referrals. All members of the clinical care team are empowered to engage in the management of the patient to ensure a positive outcome


Department of Health and Human Services (2022), Heart Disease, Tools and Training. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/tools_training.htm

Department of Health and Human Services (2022), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion , Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Department of Health and Human Services (2020), The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Control Hypertension.